"120 million ring spinning, 2.32 million rotor spinning, 1.26 million looms". With such a set of data, China's cotton textile industry's spinning production capacity has exceeded 50% of the global total. People shake.
Data from the National Bureau of Statistics show that in 2010 China's yarn output was 27.17 million tons and cloth output was 80 billion meters. The rapid development of the cotton textile industry has effectively promoted the development of the rural economy and solved the problem of the transfer and employment of rural surplus labor; the growth of textile cotton has led to the increase of cotton farmers' income, and at the same time it has driven domestic staple fiber and other cotton fibers The production to the greatest extent satisfies the downstream knitting, home textile, printing and dyeing, clothing, industrial and other needs of different industries, different specifications, different varieties of yarn and cloth products, and has played a positive role in promoting the downstream industry's production and export growth.
During the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, China's cotton textile industry further accelerated the pace of transformation and upgrading, increased efforts to upgrade technical equipment and eliminate backwardness, and continuously improved product quality and independent innovation capabilities. In 2010, the share of key cotton spinning equipment (equipped after 2000) reached 71%, of which automatic winder and shuttleless loom increased by nearly 14 and 18 percentage points, respectively. At the same time, the international competitiveness of China's cotton textile industry is steadily improving. On the one hand, the total import and export trade of China's cotton textiles continues to increase, the grade of export products gradually improves, and the value chain is upgraded; on the other hand, China's cotton textile import and export market has shown a new pattern. , Japan and the European Union, Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and ASEAN have formed China's main import markets, of which ASEAN's share of China's cotton textile import and export market has grown rapidly, which indicates that China's cotton textile export market is more diversified and emerging Market demand is gradually expanding.
During the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, the regional layout of China's cotton spinning industry has become more optimized. The speed of investment in the central and western regions has accelerated. In 2010, the investment in the eastern region reached 43.28 billion yuan, accounting for more than 50.9% of the country's total investment, and the investment in the central and western regions accounted for 40%. Compared with 2005, investment increased by nearly 14 percentage points.
China's cotton textile industry has also made outstanding achievements in brand building in recent years, and in particular, a number of industry pioneers have emerged. As of the end of 2010, there were 12,000 cotton textile companies across the country. The main business income, total profit and total industrial output value of the cotton textile industry accounted for about 27% of the national textile industry. In 2010, among the more than 12,000 cotton textile companies, the size of the top 100 companies accounted for about 30% of the industry. These companies have independent brands, have core competitiveness, strong bargaining power, and their perceptions in domestic and foreign markets. The degree is generally high.
Focus on sustainable development
Generally speaking, due to the good development foundation of China's cotton textile industry, a relatively complete industrial chain has been formed and the equipment has reached the world advanced level. However, China's cotton textile industry is still in a complex economic development environment. There are still some problems and difficulties within the industry, and there are also some external factors that hinder the healthy development of the cotton textile industry. After experiencing rapid growth in 2010, the first quarter of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" year started in the first quarter of the cotton textile industry market operation is generally good, but since mid-March, affected by multiple factors such as changes in international and domestic markets and cotton prices fell As a result, the cotton textile market continued to weaken, until the end of August, the market gradually stabilized.
As the basic industry of China's textile industry, its influence and status cannot be underestimated. The sharp fluctuations in cotton prices have seriously affected the market confidence of enterprises. The current situation of the "high-priced inventory and low-priced products" in the industry has reduced the overall profit of the industry. In addition, the instability, imbalance in the recovery of the international market, the pressure of RMB appreciation, the significant increase in production costs, insufficient labor, and the "high levy and low deduction" of the cotton textile industry's taxes are all constraints that make the current cotton textile industry better and faster. Big issues for development.
Zhu Beina, President of China Cotton Textile Industry Association, pointed out that based on these issues and challenges, China's cotton textile industry should focus on two themes of scientific and technological development and sustainable development in science and technology progress, industrial upgrading, structural adjustment, brand building, market development and efficiency. Enhance efforts in areas such as promotion. During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, the focus of cotton textile industry development is to strive to improve the grade and quality of products, improve the level of advanced equipment, increase labor productivity, accelerate the elimination of high energy-consuming equipment, and adopt intelligent, low-consumption, sustainable green On the road of development, the scientific management mode is used to improve the efficiency of enterprises, realize the orderly transfer of industries, and promote coordinated regional development.
Development with the world
China International Cotton Textile Conference is a grand meeting of wisdom collision and exchange of ideas among colleagues in the global cotton spinning industry. Looking back at previous China International Cotton Textile Conferences, it can be found that each conference basically reflects the staged problems faced by the development of domestic and foreign cotton textile industries. From the first session after the ingot pressing, to the second session before China's accession to the WTO, to the third session under the background of frequent trade frictions in the post-quota era, and the "rejuvenation of the cotton textile industry in 2009 during the financial crisis- -The 6th China International Cotton Textile Conference with the theme of "Adjustment, Upgrade and Innovation" and so on. Each session has a distinct theme and characteristics, which fully reflects the practical problems encountered in the development of the industry. The background of this year's International Conference on Cotton Spinning, held in Yancheng, Jiangsu this year, is that China has entered the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" year, which is the main line of transformation and development. It is facing an uncertain situation in the international textile market. Industrial adjustment and sustainable development-the world and China ".
In order to make the content of this conference more pragmatic and more targeted, the organizer of the conference, China Textile Industry Association, divided the keynote speech of this conference into two parts: industrial structure adjustment and sustainable development of textile globalization. Regarding the structural adjustment and development trend of the international textile industry chain, how to shift from labor-intensive to technology and capital-intensive, global cotton market analysis and risk aversion strategies, the development of African cotton and textile industry, technological innovation, green production and sustainability Development, optimization of resource allocation and industrial transfer, the application prospects of new raw materials in the cotton spinning industry, the development trend of new technologies in global textile machinery, informationization and intelligence to improve labor productivity and other central topics were discussed. The content of the forum mainly includes cotton textile raw materials and market demand, and ways to improve the core competitiveness of enterprises.
What should the current cotton textile industry encourage, develop and respect? What backward equipment do cotton textile enterprises need to eliminate and how to upgrade? What kind of development trend will the world's cotton textile industry present? How can China's cotton textile industry develop in harmony with the world's cotton textile industry? I believe that this time the wisdom and ideas of global industry leaders, experts and the elites of the industry to create the latest value perspectives and experiences will definitely provide the most effective solutions to all questions.